Eczema is a term for a group of skin conditions caused by inflammation, making the skin itchy and rashy.
Normal, healthy skin has an “outer skin barrier” that helps to keep moisture in while keeping irritants out. People with eczema have a genetically weak “outer skin barrier,” which means that there are “holes” in the barrier that usually protects their skin. This damaged barrier easily loses moisture and lets irritants in, causing dry and itchy skin.
Eczema happens in cycles – at times, your skin may feel okay. Other times, it will feel itchy, and scratching leads to red, rashy, and/or leathery skin. Eczema tends to flare up when you’re exposed to triggers, which are substances or conditions that aggravate your eczema. These can include dry skin, irritants, rough fabrics such as wool, emotional stress, heat and sweating. When you’re experiencing a flare, you’re more likely to scratch, which can lead to even itchier skin and cause or worsen the rash.
Eczema most frequently appears on the face, arms, and legs, but it can show up in other areas, too.
Eczema is a general term for a set of skin conditions caused by inflammation, and is characterized by an itchy rash. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common type of eczema. The general term “eczema” is usually used to refer to AD. The word “atopic” means an allergy that is usually hereditary, and “dermatitis” is defined as inflammation of the skin.
It’s estimated that eczema affects 35 million Americans: 1-3% of adults, and 10-20% of children. Seventy percent of cases start in children younger than 5 years old, and about 60% of infants who have eczema continue to have one of more symptoms in adulthood.
No, eczema is a chronic disease. But there are ways to manage it. Avoiding known triggers and following a proper daily bathing and moisturizing routine are the best way to find relief. Select skincare products that are designed for people with eczema, such as NEOSPORIN ESSENTIALS®.
This is what is known as an eczema “flare.” Flares are generally caused by triggers, which can be substances or conditions that worsen dry skin, such as dry skin, irritants, rough fabrics such as wool, emotional stress, heat and sweating. Use our Flare Discovery Tool to help identify your triggers. Once you know what they are, you should do your best to avoid them. To help soothe the itch that happens during flares, try NEOSPORIN® ECZEMA ESSENTIALS® Anti-itch Cream.